Health Behavior News Service covers the latest peer-reviewed studies and systematic reviews on the effects of behavior on health, health disparities and patient engagement research. Our goal is to present the facts for readers to understand and use to make informed choices about health and health care.

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Mammogram Rates Lower for Mexican Women in U.S.

December 20, 2011
Mexican women in the United States are less likely to get mammograms than white women, black women and other Latinas, according to a new study in the journal Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.

Breast Cancer Patients More Satisfied When Specialists Share Care Management

December 15, 2011
Patients with breast cancer report greater satisfaction when their cancer doctor co-manages care with other specialists, finds a new study in Health Services Research.

Feelings of Depression and Binge Eating Go Hand in Hand in Teen Girls

December 13, 2011
Teenage girls who feel depressed are twice as likely to start binge eating as other girls are, according to a new study in the Journal of Adolescent Health. The reverse is also true: Girls who engage in regular binge eating face double the normal risk of depressive symptoms.

HPV Vaccine Does Not Appear to Encourage Risky Sexual Behavior

December 13, 2011
Young women who receive recommended vaccinations to prevent human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and associated cancers do not engage in more sexually risky behavior, according to a study in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

Racial Disparities in Colon Cancer Screening Persist Despite Insurance, Access

December 12, 2011
Public health researchers have long attributed the disparity in colonoscopy rates between whites and minorities to a lack of health insurance or access to doctors. Now, a new study in the journal Health Services Research suggests the reasons for the differences are more complex.

Group Programs to Prevent Childhood Depression Prove Effective

December 7, 2011
Psychological interventions to prevent depression in children and adolescents can be useful, with protective effects that last for up to a year, finds a new systematic review in The Cochrane Library.

Youth with Behavior Problems Are More Likely to Have Thought of Suicide

December 6, 2011
Children who show early signs of problem behavior are more likely to have thought of killing or harming themselves, suggests new research in the latest issue of the Journal of Adolescent Health.

Socially Active Older Adults Have Slower Rates of Health Declines

December 1, 2011
Older adults who maintain high levels of social engagement or ramp up their social life as they age may be protected from declines in physical and cognitive health, according to a study in the Journal of Health and Social Behavior.

Doctor-Patient Relationship Influences Patient Engagement

November 29, 2011
Patients who feel their physicians treat them with respect and fairness, communicate well and engage with them outside of the office setting are more active in their own health care, according to new study in Health Services Research.

No Difference in Side-Effects When Switching or Adding Antidepressants

November 17, 2011
Patients with depression who fail to see improvement after taking an antidepressant often have their initial medication switched or combined with a second drug. The perception of potential side effects has influenced clinician decisions about which strategy to take. New research now suggests one strategy may not be any more likely to be harmful than the other.

Pre-Existing Hypertension Linked to Depression in Pregnant Women

November 10, 2011
Women with a history of high blood pressure before getting pregnant have a higher risk of depression than women who develop pregnancy-related hypertension, according to a new study.

Cognitive Reframing Can Help Dementia Caregivers with Depression, Stress

November 9, 2011
A new evidence review from the Netherlands finds that a psychotherapy technique called cognitive reframing can help reduce caregivers’ stress when they are caring for loved ones with dementia.

Sweetener Found In Gum May Prevent Ear Infections In Children

November 9, 2011
There is "fair evidence" to support the use of xylitol, a natural sweetener used in gums and mints, to prevent inner ear infections in healthy children, a new evidence review finds.

Daily Exercise, Minimized Computer Time for Optimal Sleep in Teens

November 8, 2011
Daily exercise improves a teenager’s chances of a good night’s sleep, while excess computer time has the opposite effect, according to a new study.

Elderly Hospital Patients with Delirium More Likely to Die Within A Year

November 8, 2011
Hospital patients over 65 who are referred for a psychiatric consultation and found to have delirium are more likely than those without delirium to die within one year following diagnosis, according to a new study published in the journal General Hospital Psychiatry.

Employee Programs Teaching Health Care “Consumer” Skills May Also Produce Health Benefits

October 31, 2011
A workplace program designed to teach employees to act more like consumers when they make health care decisions, for example, by finding and evaluating health information or choosing a benefit plan, also improved exercise, diet and other health habits, according to a new study in the latest issue of the American Journal of Health Promotion.

Recent Veterans in College Engage in Riskier Health Behaviors

October 31, 2011
College students who have served in the U.S. conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan are more likely than their non-veteran peers to use tobacco, drink in excess and engage in other behaviors that endanger their health and safety, according to a study that appeared in the latest issue of American Journal of Health Promotion.

Ethnic Differences in Appointment Keeping Affect Health of Diabetes Patients

October 27, 2011
Ethnic differences in appointment keeping may be an important factor in poor health outcomes among some minority patients with diabetes, according to a new study.

Doctors Often Overrate How Well They Speak a Second Language

October 27, 2011
New research shows that physicians who say they are fluent in a second language may be overestimating their actual skills.

Lack of Health Insurance Linked to Fewer Asthma Diagnoses in Children

October 27, 2011
Providing health insurance to more children could lead to diagnosing additional cases of mild or intermittent asthma, a new study shows. Some who treat childhood asthma say this could increase the number of kids receiving medication to control their asthma symptoms and seeking care for asthma flares.

E-Learning Programs May Do Little to Change Eating Habits

October 26, 2011
With more people turning to the Internet and smart phones to help them with everything from exercising to quitting smoking, it appears applications, or “apps” as they are popularly known, intended to change eating habits may not make much of a difference, according to a new review.

Depressive Symptoms May Make Asthma Control More Difficult

October 25, 2011
People with asthma are more likely to have symptoms of depression. Those with asthma and depressive symptoms are more likely to sleep less, be physically inactive and smoke than asthmatic people without symptoms of depression. The combination of mental distress and asthma may lead to a worsening of asthma symptoms and an overall decline in health.

Sidewalks, Crime Affect Women’s Physical Activity Throughout U.S.

October 11, 2011
Getting women to meet the U.S. federal government’s recommended level of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity remains a huge challenge. A large new study shows that where women live affects just how likely they are to exercise.

Second-Hand Smoke in China Puts Children at Risk

October 11, 2011
The prevalence of smoking in China may contribute to children’s second-hand smoke exposure and resulting respiratory symptoms.

Excluding Hypertension, Review Finds Calcium Supplements Have No Benefit During Pregnancy

October 5, 2011
Most physicians instruct pregnant women to increase their calcium intake, but a new evidence review of potential benefits of calcium supplementation for mom and baby found none, except for the treatment of pregnancy-related hypertension.

Review: Taking Blood Pressure Drugs at Night Slightly Improves Control

October 5, 2011
Patients who take certain popular types of blood pressure medication once a day are able to achieve somewhat better control of their hypertension if they take their daily dose at bedtime, according to a new systematic review.

Patients with Implanted Cardiac Devices Should Learn about End-of-Life Options

October 4, 2011
An implanted device meant to correct heart rhythm may generate repeated painful shocks during a patient’s final hours, at a time when the natural process of dying often affects the heart’s rhythm.

Routine Follow-up Mammography Benefits Breast Cancer Survivors

September 28, 2011
After breast cancer surgery, a follow-up regimen that includes regular mammograms offers a survival benefit over a follow-up regimen that does not include mammograms, according to a new systematic review.

Safety Net Hospital Closures Hit Poor, Uninsured Hardest

September 19, 2011
When safety net hospitals close or switch from not-for-profit to for-profit status, certain vulnerable groups suffer disproportionately, a new study finds.

No Proof That Smartphone Apps Help Drinkers Reduce Alcohol Use

September 15, 2011
If you’re looking for an app to help you cut back on alcohol consumption, few exist and what is available has not yet been demonstrated to work, according to a new study.

Review: Probiotics Have Slight Preventive Effect on Colds

September 15, 2011
Taking probiotics seems to provide both children and adults with a mild degree of protection against many upper respiratory tract infections including the common cold, according to a new systematic review.

Reminder Packaging Helps Patients Take Medications as Directed

September 13, 2011
People with chronic illnesses are more likely to take long-term medications according to doctors’ instructions if the packaging includes a reminder system, according to a new review of evidence

Mold Removal in Homes, Offices Could Cut Respiratory Illness

September 8, 2011
A new Cochrane review finds that ridding homes and offices of mold and dampness can help reduce respiratory infections and troubling symptoms for asthma sufferers.

Natural Surroundings Might Lower Obesity

September 1, 2011
New research from North Carolina finds that people who live in counties with better weather and more natural features like hills and lakes are more active and thinner than their counterparts.

Smoking Bans Motivate Even Reluctant Women to Quit

September 1, 2011
A new study finds that women smokers who live and work where bans are enforced, even those had no previous plans to stop smoking, are more likely to attempt quitting.

For Some Surgeries, More Is Better When Choosing Hospitals

September 1, 2011
Hospitals with higher surgical volumes for certain procedures are less likely to cause unintentional serious injuries to hospitalized patients when compared to those hospitals that perform the procedures less often.

Even Outside “Stroke Belt,” African-Americans Face Higher Mortality

September 1, 2011
African-Americans and country folk outside the so-called “stroke belt” are at higher risk for stroke death than other populations, a large new study finds.

Stressed-Out Workers Less Likely to Stick With Wellness Centers

August 31, 2011
Asking people who join a gym, fitness or wellness center just one short question about their stress level can identify those who are at risk of health problems and poor health habits, according to a new study.

Dieting Beats Exercise for Diabetes Prevention, Combination Is Best

August 30, 2011
A new study suggests that to prevent diabetes in postmenopausal women, dietary weight loss alone is effective while exercise alone is not effective, and both together are best of all.

Black, Hispanic, Poor Young Women Less Likely to Complete HPV Vaccinations

August 30, 2011
Barriers that hinder young African-American, Hispanic and poor women from completing a series of three vaccinations to prevent human papillomavirus infection (HPV) also leave them at higher risk for cervical cancer and death.

Prejudice Linked to Depression, Anxiety in Gay and Bisexual Black Men

August 30, 2011
The harassment, discrimination and negative feelings about homosexuality that black gay and bisexual men often experience can contribute significantly to mental health disorders such as depression and anxiety, a small new study finds.

Doctors, Nurses Often Use Holistic Medicine for Themselves

August 19, 2011
U.S. health care workers, especially doctors and nurses, use complementary and alternative medicine far more than do workers in other fields, according to a new study.

Americans Face Barriers to Health Care Beyond Cost

August 19, 2011
Just getting to the doctor, making appointments and taking time off from work or other responsibilities are major hindrances for some people to getting the medical care they need.

Excess Weight in Young Adulthood Predicts Shorter Lifespan

August 16, 2011
Those 25-year-olds who are overweight now but think they will be fine as long as they lose weight eventually might need to reconsider.

Patient Navigators Might Reduce Disparities in Cancer Care

August 16, 2011
Past research shows that minorities suffer higher rates of advanced cancer and deaths from all types of cancer compared to whites. The role of “patient navigator” is emerging as a tool to address these disparities.

Impulsive Alcoholics Likely to Die Sooner

August 15, 2011
Alcohol and impulsivity are a dangerous mix: People with drinking problems and poor impulse control are more likely to die in the next 15 years, a new study suggests.

Premature Ejaculation Therapy Not Supported by Evidence

August 9, 2011
A new review finds little reliable research to support treating premature ejaculation by teaching men how to control their bodies with their minds.

Caffeine Can Ease a Spinal Tap Headache

August 9, 2011
People who suffer headaches after a spinal tap might have a relatively simple way to ease the painful throb: a caffeine tablet.

High School Students Today Less Likely to Be Heavy Smokers

August 2, 2011
Of the 19.5 percent of high school students who call themselves smokers, most don’t smoke daily or frequently.

With Diabetes, Untreated Depression Can Lead to Serious Eye Disease

July 28, 2011
Patients with diabetes who also suffer from depression are more likely to develop a serious complication known as diabetic retinopathy, a disease that damages the eye’s retina, a five-year study finds.

Sexually Victimized Girls With PTSD Not More Likely to Binge Drink Later

July 26, 2011
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a common outcome of sexual assault among many teenage girls, but they do not necessarily cope by binge drinking, a new study finds.

Parents’ Military Deployments Take Emotional Toll on Teens

July 26, 2011
When military deployments call for their parents to serve abroad, adolescents have a tough time adjusting, and a new study shows their moods often lead to risky behavior.

After an Emergency, Comprehensive Care Is Best for Older Patients

July 21, 2011
Older people rushed to the emergency room are more likely to be living at home up to a year later if they receive a comprehensive and age-appropriate evaluation during their hospital stay.

Teen Well-Being Spills Over Into Young Adult Health

July 19, 2011
A new study finds that teens with a positive sense of well-being are more likely to report being healthy in young adulthood.

Drug Speeds Up Slow Labor but Doesn’t Prevent C-Sections

July 14, 2011
A new review says that oxytocin, a medication often used to quicken slow-paced labor in its early stages, doesn’t decrease a woman’s risk of having a complicated birth involving forceps or a cesarean section.

Modified Fat Diet Key to Lowering Heart Disease Risk

July 12, 2011
A new evidence review finds that a modified fat diet — rather than a low fat diet — might be the real key to reducing one’s risk of heart disease.

Strength Training Curbs Hip, Spinal Bone Loss in Women With Osteoporosis

July 12, 2011
An updated review of studies confirms that compared to staying sedentary, strength exercises boost bone density in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis.

Teen Weight Began to Rise in 1990s, New Study Finds

July 12, 2011
A new study that looks at weight change over decades finds that the obesity epidemic in teens and young adults has its roots in the late 1990s and early 2000s, when body weights began to rise. But not everyone was affected equally.

Losing Weight, Keeping It Off Might Require Distinct Skill Sets

July 5, 2011
Practices that help people lose weight and practices that help them keep it off do not overlap much.

Large Study Reaffirms H1N1, Seasonal Flu Vaccine Safety

July 5, 2011
H1N1 and seasonal flu vaccines do not put patients at risk for neurologic conditions, a large new study shows.

Obese Mexican-Americans Lack Diet, Exercise Advice From Doctors

June 30, 2011
Only half of obese Mexican-American adults receive diet and exercise advice from their physicians, although obesity is on the rise for this group.

Health Insurance Doesn’t Always Protect People From Medical Debt

June 30, 2011
A new study confirms that having health insurance coverage is no guarantee against accumulating medical debt for working-age adults.

Obese Girls More Than Twice as Likely to Be Addicted to Smoking

June 21, 2011
Obese teenage girls are more than twice as likely as other girls to develop high-level nicotine addiction as young adults, according to a new study.

African-Americans With Thyroid Cancer Fare Worse Than Whites

June 21, 2011
African-Americans have fewer incidences of thyroid cancer but have a more advanced form of the disease once they receive a diagnosis — and are more likely to die from it, according to a new study.

Young Asian/Pacific Islander Women in Calif. Face Higher Breast Cancer Risk

June 21, 2011
Young Asian/Pacific Islander women born in California have higher risks of breast cancer than young white women, and some groups, including Filipinas, might have higher risks than African-Americans.

Treatment for Minority Stroke Patients Improves at Top-ranked Hospitals

June 21, 2011
A new study suggests there has been some improvement in reducing the gap in stroke hospitalization between white and minority patients.

Early Interventions for Schizophrenia Look Promising, but Evidence Is Inconclusive

June 14, 2011
Many physicians and researchers believe that early intervention can increase the chances for recovery, reduce recurrences and even keep the warning signs of psychosis from progressing to the actual disease. A new systematic review evaluates the evidence.

Review: Statins Helpful, But No Quick Fix After Cardiac Emergency

June 14, 2011
Over the long term, treatment with cholesterol-lowering statins reduces the rate of mortality and cardiovascular events such as heart attack. Still, it is unclear whether these drugs take effect rapidly when the risk of these dire events is highest.

Easing Distress in Caregivers of Dying Patients

June 14, 2011
Interventions can buffer caregivers of terminally ill patients from the significant stresses they face in providing care to a loved one, a new Cochrane review finds.

Bisexual, Lesbian Women Less Likely to Get Pap Tests

June 7, 2011
A new study finds that young bisexual and lesbian women are less likely to get Pap tests than straight women, while young bisexual women face a higher risk of being diagnosed with sexually transmitted diseases.

Most Primary Care Physicians Don’t Address Patients’ Weight

June 7, 2011
Fewer than half of primary care physicians talk to their patients about diet, exercise and weight management consistently, while pediatricians are somewhat more likely to do so, according to two new studies.

Medicare Spending Linked to Longer Life, Better Health in Elderly

May 23, 2011
Findings of a new study suggest that cutting Medicare spending across the board could result in poorer health outcomes for the elderly.

Young Adults, Teens Prefer Rapid HIV Testing

May 17, 2011
Teens and young adults prefer rapid HIV testing that can deliver results in less than an hour, but some still worry about whether their tests will be confidential.

Researchers Still Searching for Ways to Help Patients Take Their Meds

May 12, 2011
Clinicians have tried a variety of ways to encourage people to take prescribed medicines, but a new research review says it is still unclear whether many of these interventions have been effective.

Serious Distress Linked to Higher Health Care Spending

May 12, 2011
Sufferers of serious psychological distress spend an average of $1,735 more on health care each year compared to those without the condition.

Antiretroviral Drugs Dramatically Reduce Risk of Passing HIV to Healthy Partners

May 10, 2011
When one partner in a couple is infected with HIV and the other isn’t, treatment with antiretroviral drugs can dramatically lower the chances of the infected partner passing along the disease to his or her mate, a new evidence review finds.

Some School-Based Programs Curb Alcohol Misuse, Review Finds

May 10, 2011
School prevention programs aimed at curbing alcohol misuse in children are somewhat helpful, enough so to deserve consideration for widespread use, according to a large, international systematic review.

New Study Shows Unmet Dental Needs in Los Angeles Children

May 6, 2011
The 2007 death of a Maryland child from untreated tooth decay exposed the need for better dental care in families with limited resources. In a new study, researchers found dental care deficits in Los Angeles.

Inner-City Health Centers Could Do More to Boost Breastfeeding

May 6, 2011
Health centers and birth hospitals serving largely minority populations could do more to promote and encourage recommended breastfeeding, according to a new study of Philadelphia safety-net health clinics.

Doctor’s Office Is Usually First Stop in Medication Mishaps

May 6, 2011
Medication mishaps are a widely recognized problem in health care and a new study finds that ambulatory care settings, not ERs, deal with them most.

Overdoses of Popular Painkiller Send Thousands to ER Each Year

May 3, 2011
Overdose of the common household drug acetaminophen leads to more than 78,000 emergency department visits a year, and the majority of the overdoses are intentional, according to a new CDC study.

Better Labeling Could Help Thwart Acetaminophen Overdose

May 3, 2011
When misused, acetaminophen — marketed as Tylenol — can lead to acute liver failure and worse, often due to accidental overdose by an uninformed consumer. A new small study looks at what’s missing in consumer education and how to overcome those gaps.

Positive Media Campaigns Help Minorities Put Down Cigarettes

April 29, 2011
Media campaigns that offer positive encouragement can have an impact on getting African-Americans to quit, a new study finds.

African-Americans More Active Users of Smoking “Quitlines”

April 29, 2011
African-Americans are consistently more likely than white smokers to use telephone help lines to quit smoking, finds a long-term California study.

Children With Bedroom TVs Might Be at Greater Obesity Risk

April 29, 2011
A study of Hispanic children found that those with TVs in their bedrooms were more likely to be overweight. “Bedroom TVs lead to more screen time, sedentary behavior, less parental support of physical activity and increased fast food intake,” researchers found.

When Doctors Own or Lease MRI, Back Scans and Surgery More Likely

April 26, 2011
When doctors can self-refer for MRI, patients are more apt to receive scans – and even surgery – for low back pain.

RN Staffing Affects Patient Success After Discharge

April 26, 2011
When nurse staffing levels are higher on hospital units, patients tend do to better after discharge, as long as overtime isn’t involved.

Community-Wide Programs to Encourage Exercise Might Fall Short

April 13, 2011
Programs that encourage communities to get more active are one strategy for stemming the global tide of obesity. Yet, a new review of studies says the evidence backing the effectiveness of these programs is poor.

For a Less Biased Study, Try Randomization

April 12, 2011
If you’re interested in the finer points of medical research, this story’s for you.

Safer-Sex Ed for Women Increases Condom Use, Might Reduce Partners

April 12, 2011
Teaching young women how to prevent sexually transmitted infections increases condom use and might reduce their number of sexual partners, but do programs reduce disease rates?

Rising Rates of Tubal Pregnancies Cause Concern

April 5, 2011
Ectopic – or tubal – pregnancies can be dangerous for mothers, leading to rupture of the fallopian tube and possible hemorrhage, and they appear to be on the rise, according to a new study.

Exercising to Government Standards Could Lower Your Death Risk

April 5, 2011
Following federal government recommendations on exercise might lead to a longer life for all adults, according to a new study nearly 250,000 Americans.

Health Reform Predicted to Increase Need for Primary Care Providers

March 24, 2011
Expansion of health care coverage mandated by health reform will push demand for primary care providers sharply upward, and thousands of new physicians are needed to accommodate the increase, a new study finds.

Culture and Stigma Affect Mental Health Care for Latinos

March 22, 2011
Latinos benefit from antidepressants like everybody else — only they do not use them nearly as often. The trick is getting past some cultural barriers.

Minority Women Might Have Higher Depression Risk During Pregnancy

March 22, 2011
A new study finds that African-American and Asian/Pacific Islander women have double the risk that others do of becoming depressed before giving birth.

Taking Diabetes Medication Helps Lower Medical Costs, Slightly

March 18, 2011
A new study shows that diabetes patients who do a better job of taking their medication have slightly lower health care costs.

Few Studies Delve Into Hospice Care in Nursing Homes

March 17, 2011
A new evidence review finds scant high-quality research on the best ways for nursing homes hoping to ease the suffering of older patients through hospice care. Still, the studies suggest that strategies such as teams of specialists and partnerships between nursing homes and hospice care services are essential.

Seniors in Public Housing Suffer Worse Health Than Others in Community

March 16, 2011
In a study of more than 16,000 older adults, fatigue, cardiac conditions, stroke, hypertension, diabetes, arthritis and psychiatric problems were more prevalent among those living in public housing.

Pacifiers Don’t Interfere With Established Breastfeeding, Review Finds

March 15, 2011
A new review finds no association between pacifier use and early cessation of nursing.

Oral Vaccine Could Prevent Half of Cholera Cases, But Less Effective in Kids

March 15, 2011
Oral cholera vaccines could prevent 52 to 60 percent of cases in the first two years after vaccination.

Black Men at Both Ends of Economic Spectrum at Risk for Depression

March 8, 2011
Jobless African-American men might be at a greater risk of suffering from depression—as are African-American men making $80,000 and upward.

Teens Prefer Liquor to Beer, Hardly Touch Wine

March 8, 2011
Nearly half of American teen drinkers would rather have a shot of liquor than a bottle of beer, a new study finds, and teens who prefer liquor are much more likely to indulge in high-risk behavior.

Want to Go for a Walk? Your Neighborhood Might Play a Part

February 28, 2011
Making a 30-minute walk part of your daily routine could come down to the positive features that exist in your neighborhood, says a new Australian study.

When Bosses Are Exercise Friendly, Workers Get Their Move On

February 28, 2011
Employees at exercise-friendly workplaces get more total moderate-to-vigorous physical activity than do others.

Death Rates Remain Higher for Poor Black Americans

February 24, 2011
In 2000, a black, working-aged resident of a poor neighborhood significantly was more likely to die than a white American — a situation that essentially remained unchanged from 20 years earlier.

Pre-Teens Make Their Own Decisions on Diet, Exercise and Weight-loss

February 24, 2011
Eleven-year olds definitely have their own opinions about diet, exercise and weight-loss; and it is mostly their opinions — not those of their parents — that affect their lifestyle changes.

Support Groups Have Built-in Benefits for People with Depression

February 17, 2011
People who get together for support with depression may find their symptoms decrease, a new systematic review suggests.

Combined Interventions Ease Job Re-Entry for Cancer Survivors

February 15, 2011
For cancer survivors who wish to return to work after treatment, a new evidence review suggests that therapies focusing on a wide range of health interventions might best enable them to do so.

For Back Pain, Spinal Manipulation Holds Its Own

February 15, 2011
If you’re suffering from chronic lower back pain, a new review finds that spinal manipulation ? the kind of hands-on regimen that a chiropractor might perform ? is as helpful as other common treatments like painkillers.

Radiation Helps Cure Hodgkin’s Lymphoma, but Future Cancer Risk a Concern

February 15, 2011
A systematic review comparing treatments for Hodgkin’s lymphoma found a clear advantage to combined chemotherapy and radiation. However, the review did not address long-term side effects associated with radiation.

Inhaled Epinephrine Confirmed Quick, Effective for Croup

February 15, 2011
For more than 30 years, pediatricians have treated children who have croup with inhaled epinephrine to relieve their symptoms quickly. Now, a new review confirms the value of this approach.

Interest in E-cigarettes Is High, but Safety and Effectiveness Unknown

February 8, 2011
While a new study finds that consumer interest in electronic cigarettes runs high, a companion study underscores that e-cigarettes’ ability to help smokers cut down or quit is unknown, as is their safety.

iPhone Quit-Smoking Apps Don’t Make the Grade

February 8, 2011
A new study finds that iPhone software applications designed to help people quit smoking fall short of the mark.

Teen’s Best Friend: Young Dog Owners More Physically Active

February 8, 2011
They’re furry, fun loving and could be the key to getting your sedentary teen off the couch, finds a new study on dog ownership and adolescent physical activity.

More Americans Turn to Lower-Cost Alternative Meds, Especially Whites

February 1, 2011

Black and Hispanic Women With Breast Cancer Face Treatment Delays

February 1, 2011
At a time when access to prompt treatment might affect survival, a large new study finds that African-American and Hispanic women newly diagnosed with breast cancer often face delays in care of more than a month.

Childhood Chronic Illness Affects Future Income, Education, Career

February 1, 2011
For some children, serious illness can lead to fewer years of education, more joblessness and lower pay as adults.

Mechanical Versus Manual CPR—Too Close to Call

January 18, 2011
Makers say that mechanical devices perform CPR more effectively than human efforts alone. However, a new review comparing mechanical to manual chest compressions has failed to demonstrate that one is superior to the other.

Memory Training Might Not Be Best for Reducing “Senior Moments”

January 18, 2011
A new evidence review suggests that memory drills and similar brain-boosting activities are not any better than simple conversations at improving memory in older adults.

After Games, 40 Percent of Sports Fans Have Booze on Board

January 18, 2011
Eight percent of fans who agreed to be tested after attending professional football and baseball games were too drunk to legally drive, a new study finds, and 40 percent had alcohol in their bodies.

Most Seniors Don’t Get Shingles Vaccination, CDC Finds

January 11, 2011
Less than 7 percent of U.S. seniors chose to receive the shingles vaccination as of 2008, finds a new study from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Are You Medically Prepared for a Natural Disaster?

January 11, 2011
How well are the millions of Americans with a disability or chronic disease prepared for a natural disaster like a hurricane or tropical storm?

Parents Want to Talk Sex With Teens, But Fear Advice Falls on Deaf Ears

January 6, 2011
Kids learn a great deal about sexuality from friends and the media, but parents and teens agree: Parents should be the most important providers of information about sex and sexuality.

Tongue Piercing: Infection More Likely With Metal Jewelry

January 4, 2011
A stud or ring in their tongue might be an essential fashion accessory for many young adults, but piercing comes at the cost of medical risks, including infection.