Sleep Statistics: Facts & Latest Data in America (2023 Update)

Written by Nina Julia | Last updated: February 17, 2023

Report Highlights:

  • 50 to 70 million Americans have some type of sleep disorder [37].
  • 30% to 40% of adults in the US complain of insomnia symptoms [12].
  • 30% have short-term insomnia, while 10% have chronic insomnia [37].
  • 1 in 4 women and 1 in 5 men have insomnia [16].
  • Healthy sleep for adults should be around 7 to 9 hours [26].
  • However, Americans only get about an average of 6.8 hours of sleep [19].
  • 32.8% of Americans say they sleep less than 7 hours [5].
  • 34.9% of insomniacs have a family history of insomnia [4].
  • 40% of insomniacs also have some form of a psychiatric disorder [12].
  • The insomnia rate among healthcare workers increased to 64% from 44.5% during the COVID-19 pandemic [23].
  • 4% to 6% of the population have hypersomnia (excessive sleep) [11].
  • 2% of the population are chronic long sleepers [40].
  • 8% of adults use prescription sleep drugs [13].
  • 60% of people don’t seek help for their sleep problems [29].
  • Worldwide prevalence of insomnia varies anywhere from 10% to as high as 60% [6].

Sufficient, healthy sleep duration is a vital part of our physical and mental well-being. It’s a biological necessity that also reduces injury and accident risks [30]. However, not all of us enjoy sufficient sleep.

As we read through several studies, we found many interesting facts and stats about sleep and sleep disorders.

What Percentage of the Population Has Insomnia?

30% to 40% of American adults complain of insomnia symptoms [12]. Insomnia is the most common type of sleep disorder.

The worldwide prevalence of insomnia varies. Some studies say it affects 10% to 30% of the worldwide population [6]. Others say the prevalence rate of insomnia can go as high as 50% to 60% of the global population [6].

What is the Average Amount of Sleep a Person Gets?

Americans usually have around an average of 6.8 hours of sleep each night, says a 2013 Gallup report. This is more than an hour less than the average sleep we got in 1942 of 7.9 hours [19].

29% of people get at least 8 hours of sleep, while 14% only get 5 hours of sleep [19].

Adults need anywhere between 7 and 9 hours of sleep, says the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) [26].

The younger the adult, the more they need longer sleep. However, it’s interesting to note that Gallup’s report shows the opposite patterns.

Of all age groups, it’s the young adults (18 to 29) who get the least amount of sleep. 46% or almost half of their population only get six hours or less of sleep [19].

The age group that enjoys the most sleep is the older adults (65+). 67% of them get seven hours or more of sleep each night [19].

How Much Sleep Should We Get?

Adults (18 to 65+ years) need at least 7 to 9 hours of sleep. Teens (13 to 18 years) need 8 to 10 hours of sleep [26].

Children between 6 and 12 years old need at least 9 to 12 hours of sleep, while those between 3 and 5 years old need 10 to 13 hours of sleep with naps [26].

Toddlers (1 to 2 years) need 11 to 14 hours of sleep with naps, while newborns and infants need anywhere from 12 to 17 hours of sleep with naps [26].

How Many Americans Get a Good Night’s Sleep?

67.2% of Americans say they have 7 hours or more of sleep, says the CDC. 32.8% report inadequate sleep of fewer than 7 hours [5].

80.7% say they’re satisfied with their sleep. 19.3% say they’re dissatisfied with their sleep [1].

Of those who were dissatisfied with their sleep [1]:

  • 78.1% of them say they have problems sleeping through the night.
  • 49.5% have difficulty falling asleep.
  • 37.5% say they’re awakened too early.
  • 14.3% report excessive sleepiness during the day.
  • 6.1% say nightmares keep them up at night.

32.1% or almost one-third of them say this happens each night [1].

Sleep onset latency, or the time it takes a person to fall asleep, is usually 15 to 20 minutes [20]. However, it takes Americans an average of about 27 minutes to fall asleep [24].

Only 37% of the people surveyed fall asleep in under 15 minutes. 11% of them say it takes them more than an hour to fall asleep [24].

Worldwide, 51% of the respondents in a global survey say that they’re dissatisfied with the quality of their sleep. 49% say they’re satisfied [2].

Sleep research shows insufficient sleep can contribute to the development of chronic mental and physical health problems including [18]:

  • Heart diseases, including hypertension
  • Obesity
  • Metabolic problems like diabetes
  • Stroke
  • Heart attack
  • Mental health problems like depression, anxiety, and increased suicide risk [22]

What Percentage of the Population Has Trouble Sleeping?

32.3% of adults in the US suffer from insufficient sleep in 2020. This has decreased by 6% from 34.5% in 2018 [5].

Insufficient sleep affects men slightly more than women — 33.3% of men and 32.1% of women [5].

Insufficient sleep is more common among Hawaiian/Pacific Islanders at 46.2% than Asians at 30.5% [5].

Insufficient sleep affects those who never attended school the most. 37.4% of their population suffers from insufficient sleep. It affects college graduates (four or more years) the least, at 27.3% [5].

38.4% of people earning less than $25,000 have insufficient sleep, compared to 30% of those who earn more than or equal to $75,000 [5].

The state that has the most insufficient sleep is Hawaii at 39.4%, compared to Colorado at 26.8% [5].

How Many Americans Have a Sleep Disorder?

50 to 70 million American adults have some type of sleep disorder [37].

Sleep disorders will also affect 1 in 3 individuals at some point in their lives [38].

Of the different US states, 40.6% of Maryland respondents report short sleep duration (SSD). Michigan follows at 40.3% and New York at 40.1% [34].

Wyoming and Colorado report the lowest SSD at 29.2% each. Vermont follows at 29.7% [34].

How Many Americans Have Insomnia?

From 17.5% or about 37.5 million in 2002, the number of Americans with insomnia increased to 19.2% or 46.2 million in 2012 [12].

In just 10 years, the insomnia prevalence rate increased by 8% [12].

10% to 30% of American adults have insomnia, says the American Sleep Association (ASA) [37].

  • 30% of them deal with short-term insomnia.
  • 10% suffer from chronic insomnia.

The CDC defines insomnia as the difficulty to initiate as well as maintain sleep. It may also be characterized by waking up several hours before daytime and the inability to go back to sleep [25].

Who Does Insomnia Affect the Most?

Insomnia affects women the most, with more than 1 in 4 women in the US reporting insomnia. Among the male population, insomnia affects less than 1 in 5 men [16].

Genes also play a role. 34.9% of people with insomnia have a first-degree relative who also has past or current insomnia problems. 19.7% of them say that the first-degree relative is their mother [4].

According to the University of Michigan (Michigan Medicine), there are three possible reasons why women are more prone to insomnia than men [10]:

  • Women go through many hormonal milestones in life. These include monthly periods, pregnancy, post-pregnancy, and menopause — all of which can affect sleep schedule.
  • Anxiety and mood problems affect women more than men. These two conditions then affect their sleep.
  • Women also have to balance work and caregiving duties more than men. Women have always been the caregiver within the family. These are responsibilities that can affect their sleep time.

Insomnia affects people with some college education the most at 26.4%. It affects those with less than a high school education the least at 19.9% [17].

Top Reasons Why Americans Don’t Get Enough Sleep

51% or more than half of Americans say their symptoms prevent them from getting enough sleep. Symptoms include back pain, joint pain, and heartburn [24].

41% say their anxiety over what will happen the next day keeps them up at night. A good 31% also say replaying the day’s events contributes to their sleepless nights [24].

Temperature also plays a role, with 31% saying it’s either too hot or too cold to sleep. 28% say too much caffeine is to blame for their lack of sleep [24].

A small percentage (9%) blame the dogs and cats for their insufficient sleep [24].

Sleep Statistics: Sleep Issues by Age Group

34.7% of people between 18 and 44 years old have insufficient sleep. It affects people 65 years and above the least, with only 26% reporting insufficient sleep [5].

Insomnia affects the older population the most. 40% to 50% of adults over 60 years old report difficulty sleeping due to insomnia. Each year, insomnia also affects 5% of adults above 65 years [41].

Children Sleep Deprivation Statistics: What Percentage of Children are Sleep Deprived?

Up to 50% of children will have sleep problems [7].

Behavioral insomnia of childhood (BIC) affects 10% to 30% of children. Similar to bad sleep habits in adults, this is a learned inability that prevents a child from falling asleep and staying asleep [7].

BIC affects males and females equally [7].

Insomnia affects younger children (4.5 years old) more than older children (9 years old). 36% of younger children around 4.5 years old have insomnia symptoms, compared to 20% of older children around 9 years old [3]:

  • 43% of the younger children have difficulty maintaining sleep, compared to 17% of the older children.
  • Early awakening is more common among older children, with 59% of them reporting this symptom. Among younger children, this affects 37% of them.
  • 15% of younger children report nonrestorative sleep, compared to 4% of older children.
  • However, it’s the older children who don’t get enough sleep at 14%, compared to 9% of younger children.

Teenage Sleep Deprivation Statistics: What Percentage of Teenagers Suffer from Sleep Deprivation?

23.8% of teens between the ages of 16 and 19 years have insomnia [15].

Insomnia affects girls more at 29.5% than boys at 17.1% [15].

60% of them take more than 30 minutes to fall asleep. They also only get 6.25 hours of sleep during the weekdays, which is a 2-hour sleep deficiency [15].

How Many Students Are Affected by Sleep Deprivation?

20% of high school students sleep less than 5 hours. Only 3% of them have nine hours of sleep [31].

Students get an average of 6.5 hours of sleep per school night [31].

Each hour that they lose sleep increases their risks of [31]:

  • Developing feelings of sadness and hopelessness by 38%
  • Considering suicide by 42%
  • Attempting suicide by 58%
  • Substance abuse by 23%

73% of college students report having occasional problems with sleep. Only 11% of college students report having quality sleep [35].

1 in 4 or about 25% of college students report having insomnia problems within the past three months [35].

More than 50% of college students say they feel sleepy in the morning [35].

1 in 4 or 25% of college students say that their problems with sleep are “traumatic or difficult to handle” [8].

Sleep and mental health statistics also show that college students with sleep problems are [8]:

  • 17 times more likely to feel anxiety symptoms
  • 9 times more likely to feel depression symptoms
  • 2 times more likely to abuse prescription drugs
  • 3.7 times more likely to have serious suicidal thoughts
  • 11 times more likely to attempt suicide

Sadly, 85% of college students with sleep issues don’t seek or receive help for their sleep problems [8].

Adults Sleep Deprivation Statistics: How Many Adults Struggle with Sleep?

25% of American adults report acute insomnia symptoms yearly [42].

75% of them recover from insomnia within a year. However, 6% transition to having chronic insomnia [42].

21% continue to experience poor sleep with frequent attacks of acute insomnia [42].

40% to 70% of insomnia sufferers have had insomnia for as long as four years [12].

Working Professionals Sleep Deprivation Statistics: How Many Workers are Sleep Deprived?

36.5% of employed adult workers in the US have short sleep duration (SSD) [34].

It affects men more at 37.5% than women at 35.4% [34].

37.7% of young to middle-aged adult workers (18 to 34 years) report SSD than 29.2% of those 65 years above [34].

SSD affects 40% of workers with some college education compared to 31.3% of those with college degrees [34].

Sleep and Mental Health Statistics: Which Comorbid Disorder Most Highly Correlates with Insomnia?

40% of insomnia sufferers also have some type of psychiatric disorder [12].

24% of them have an anxiety disorder, while 14% of patients have depression [12].

83% of adults suffering from depression also have insomnia symptoms [28].

36% to 91% of people with alcohol dependence problems have insomnia. 15% to 30% of them say they drink to relieve insomnia symptoms [12].

92% of people who have post-traumatic stress disorder related to military combat have insomnia [39].

Among adult patients with chronic health problems, 33% of them have insomnia [6].

35% of female patients and 30% of male patients have Insomnia [6].

It affects 39% of adult patients above 35 years, compared to 25% of adult patients below 35 years [6].

Insomnia is more common among patients with kidney disease at 67% than patients without kidney disease at 33%. 50% or half of those with diabetes, heart disease, liver disease, and migraines also report insomnia, compared to 27% to 33% of those without these chronic medical conditions [6].

COVID-19 Pandemic and Sleep Issues: How Did the Pandemic Affect Sleep Habits?

37% of the respondents in a global survey say it took them a long time to fall asleep [36].

Difficulty falling asleep affected women more than men. 45% of women reported longer sleep latency than 29% of men [36].

Individuals with mental health problems also reported longer sleep latency. 85.5% of those with anxiety and 83% of those with depression say that it took them 30 minutes or more to fall asleep [36].

48.5% of young adults (18 to 24 years) had a harder time falling asleep than 18.8% of older adults above 75 years [36].

It’s also the young adults (18 to 24 years) who had the poorest sleep. Only 71.3% of them reported average sleep quality, compared to 75.7% of older people (65 to 74 years) [36].

As for the reason for the longer sleep latency, 54.5% say too much caffeine may be the cause. 54.1% say loneliness contributes to sleeplessness, while 53.4% say too much technology affects their sleep [36].

Most Sleep Deprived Countries: Which Country Had the Best and Poorest Sleep Quality?

The most sleep-deprived country during the COVID-19 Pandemic is South Korea, with only 62% of its population reporting quality sleep. Japan and Brazil follow at only 64% and 65%, respectively [36].

Belgium and the United Kingdom, on the other hand, had the best sleep quality. 77% of their populations reported good quality sleep. Sweden, the Netherlands, and Australia follow in second place at 76% each [36].

Of the different continents, 68% of Central America reported longer sleep latency than 24% of Asia [36].

How Did the COVID-19 Pandemic Affect the Healthcare Workers’ Sleep?

The insomnia prevalence rate among healthcare workers increased to 64% during the pandemic. Pre-pandemic, the insomnia rate was at 44.5% [23].

80.9% of them now complain of poor sleep quality, up from 68.8% before the pandemic. Daytime sleepiness also increased from 75.9% to 82% during the pandemic [23].

64.1% of healthcare workers now say they had difficulty initiating sleep. Pre-pandemic, this was at 58.4% [23].

80.3% say they had difficulty maintaining sleep. This increased from 75.8% before the pandemic [23].

66.8% say they wake up too early, up from 60% before the pandemic [23].

86.88% or 490 out of 564 respondents in a survey report insomnia symptoms that vary in severity. In 2019, only 31% of nurses report chronic insomnia [32].

  • 41.49% or 234 out of 564 had subthreshold insomnia
  • 39.72% or 224 out of 564 had moderate insomnia
  • 5.67% or 32 out of 564 had severe forms of insomnia
  • 13.12% or 74 out of 564 had no insomnia

During the pandemic, nurses only get an average of 5.62 hours of sleep during the weekdays [32].

82.59% had less than seven hours of sleep, compared to 17.41% who had more than seven hours of sleep [32].

Dying in Your Sleep Statistics: Do People Die in Their Sleep?

About 3,356 infants died in their sleep in In 2020 [27].

41% of them resulted from sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). 27% resulted from accidental suffocation and strangulation in bed [27].

About 3,400 infants die yearly from SUID or sudden unexpected infant death in the United States. This commonly affects infants less than a year old [27].

SUID’s counterpart in adults is sudden unexplained nocturnal death syndrome or SUNDS. It’s most common in Southeast Asia and prevalence rates vary from 1 to 92 per 100,000 per year [43].

75% of those who died from SUNDS are between the ages of 25 to 44 years old. The mean age for SUNDS is 33 years old [43].

Men are 3.9 times more susceptible to SUNDS than women [9].

Oversleep Statistics: How Many People Have Hypersomnia or Long Sleeping?

Long sleeping or hypersomnia affects 4% to 6% of the population [11]. People with this rare type of sleep disorder often sleep nine hours or more each night.

Hypersomnia differs from regular oversleeping. If you’re experiencing these hypersomnia symptoms, be sure to seek professional help:

  • Excessive daytime sleepiness despite getting enough sleep
  • Difficulty waking up
  • Doesn’t fully feel awake after being awakened abruptly
  • Taking naps several times a day
  • Not feeling refreshed and always feeling tired
  • Symptoms occur at least thrice a week for over three months
  • Symptoms cause significant stress that affects all aspects of life

How Many People Oversleep?

31% of the respondents in a survey say they oversleep at least once a week. 2% say they oversleep daily [40].

Of the different generations, Gen-Zs oversleep the most. 36% or more than one-third of them say they oversleep multiple times a week. Only 12% of the Baby Boomers oversleep multiple times a week [40].

40% of Baby Boomers say they oversleep at least once a week compared to 28% of Gen-Zs [40].

The percentage of chronic sleepers across the different generations stays the same at 2%. These chronic sleepers tend to oversleep daily [40].

Not getting enough sleep is detrimental to our health, but so is oversleeping. According to sleep research, oversleeping increases the risk of developing [21]:

  • Obesity
  • Type II Diabetes
  • Cardiovascular diseases like hypertension
  • Depression

Statistics About Sleep Medicine: How Many People in the US Take Sleep Aids?

8% of American adults take prescription sleep medicines [13].

8 in 10 adults say they want to improve their sleep. However, 60% of them have not sought any medical help for their sleep problems [29].

What are the Common Types of Sleep Aids Used?

Of the different sleep medications, 50.4% use Z-drugs. These include zaleplon, zopiclone, and zolpidem [14].

Almost equal percentages of people with sleep issues use benzodiazepine (20.6%) and antidepressants (20.9%) [14].

As for natural remedies, a 2022 online survey found that 21% either open their windows or switch on their ACs to help them sleep better [13].

12% say noise machines help them sleep, while 11% use non-prescription sleep aids like tea and melatonin [13].

80% of those who take prescription sleep medication develop residual effects. These include oversleeping and grogginess. Some also reported an inability to concentrate the following day [14].

Some people also use CBD oil for sleep. A study was conducted on CBD use for anxiety and sleep. Of its 72 participants, 79.2% or 57 said CBD reduced their anxiety. 66.7% or 48 said using CBD improved their sleep quality [33].

Sleep Disorder and Insomnia Support

Sleep disorders affect 50 to 70 million Americans. 30% to 40% of adults have insomnia. Most people with sleep issues simply ignore the symptoms. The rest use sleep aids like sleeping pills and natural supplements to help them sleep.

Insomnia and sleep deprivation can cause serious health complications. If you think you’re suffering from a sleep disorder, we recommend seeing a healthcare professional for help. You may also call the hotline number of Sleep Foundation at 1-833-I-CANT-SLEEP or visit their website ( for help.


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Nina created following the birth of her second child. She was a science and math teacher for 6 years prior to becoming a parent — teaching in schools in White Plains, New York and later in Paterson, New Jersey.