CFAH's Health Behavior News Service covers the latest peer-reviewed studies and systematic reviews on the effects of behavior on health, health disparities and patient engagement research. Our goal is to present the facts for readers to understand and use to make informed choices about health and health care.

Urban Parks and Trails Are Cost-Effective Ways to Promote Exercise
December 8, 2014
A new systematic review in the American Journal of Health Promotion finds that providing public parks and walking and biking trails is the most cost-effective strategy to increase physical activity among large populations in urban areas.
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Military Culture Enables Tobacco Use

December 4, 2014
A new study in the American Journal of Health Promotion finds that U.S. military culture perpetuates the notion that using tobacco provides stress relief. Previous studies of tobacco use for stress relief among soldiers have produced no evidence supporting the theory.

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Physician Behaviors May Contribute to Disparities in Mental Health Care

December 3, 2014
The way medical doctors initially assess, treat and refer racial and ethnic minority patients may contribute to known disparities in their use of mental health services, according to a new study in Health Services Research.

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Depression and Dementia in Older Adults Increase Risk of Preventable Hospitalizations

November 20, 2014
Older adults with mental health conditions, such as depression or cognitive impairment, have a higher risk of readmission within 30 days after a hospital stay for pneumonia, heart attack or congestive heart failure, according to a new study in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Medicaid Payments for Office Visits Impact Cancer Screening Rates

November 20, 2014
New research in the journal Cancer finds that Medicaid recipients are more likely to undergo cancer screening tests when their doctors receive higher reimbursements for routine office visits rather than for the tests themselves.

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Schools Often Fail to Follow Their Own Written Wellness Policies

November 18, 2014
A wide divide exists between public schools' written wellness policies and their actual day-to-day practices, finds a new study in Health Promotion Practice.

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Some Psychiatric Patients Are More Frequent Users of Hospital ERs

November 13, 2014
New research in General Hospital Psychiatry finds that homelessness, cocaine use, being on Medicare, having a personality disorder or having liver disease appears to be a predictor of frequent ED use by people with a psychiatric illness.

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Poor-Quality Weight Loss Advice Often Appears First in an Online Search

November 13, 2014
More than 40 percent of U.S. Internet users use online search engines to seek guidance on weight loss and physical activity. A new study in the American Journal of Public Health finds that high-quality weight loss information often appears after the first page of search engine results.

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Chronic Care Coordinators Improve Diabetes Monitoring But Not Blood Sugar Control

November 11, 2014
Getting support from a chronic care coordinator increases blood-glucose testing and foot and eye exams in people with type 2 diabetes, but it may not improve blood-sugar control, a new study in the journal Health Services Research indicates.

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Unhealthy Diets Linked With Mental Health of Children

November 6, 2014
Children and adolescents who ate foods high in saturated fats, refined carbohydrates and processed foods appear to experience more depression and low moods, suggests a new systematic research review in the American Journal of Public Health.

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Coordination Eases the Transition From Pediatric to Adult Health Care

November 4, 2014
New research in the Journal of Adolescent Health finds that when a young person moves from pediatric care to an adult practice, the transition is eased and better care is provided when formal processes are in place for the handoff.

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Time Spent Preparing Meals at Home Linked to Healthier Diet

October 30, 2014
Spending less than one hour a day preparing food at home is associated with eating more fast food and spending more money eating out, finds new research in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine. Not having time available may be one of the most significant barriers to achieving a healthy diet.

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Health Care Shortfalls for LGBT Young Women

October 28, 2014
Young sexual minority women, including those identifying as lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT), were found to have higher elevated odds of adverse health conditions than heterosexual young women. They also have lower odds of receiving a physical or dental examination, according to a new study in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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Evidence behind today's health headlines

Commuting to Work by Car Linked to Weight Gain

Using active transport to commute to work can reduce the weight gain common to most adults, according to a study in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

Related News: Take a seat. You may be able to reverse the damage to your health. (Source: Washington Post)